A foreign flagged yacht transiting Turkey is entitled for "goods in transit", provided the owner is a non-resident of Turkey. Even if the "transit" may take years, as it is common with cruising yachts, the yacht is entitled to the benefits of this procedure. In this procedure, no VAT and no Customs Fees are levied in Turkey, however clearance fees have to be paid. The procedure is rather complicated. For minor items the YiT procedure is not recommended, so it might be easier to try and bring any equipment needed into Turkey as personal luggage. In such a case it is advisable to have a copy of the ship's papers as well as some form of proof that the yacht has been left temporarily in Turkey. Items brought in personally with a value over US$300 will be registered into one's passport. This will be cancelled when the entry is transferred to the transit log.
1. For the YiT procedure a formal Power of Attorney for a suitable Customs Clearance Agent is required. The text of the PoA has to follow an exact format and in Turkish.
2. This PoA has to be signed in the presence of a Public Notary by the Owner. If the Public Notary is abroad, the Public Notary has to be verified by the local Turkish Consulate, this is called "the Apostille". It is recommended to carry out the power of attorney in Turkey and leave it here as it is valid for ten years or until revoked in the event of a future use.
3. The Invoice for a YiT has to follow a special format. The adresee has to be
Mr. xxxx owner's name
xxxx flagged yacht's name
Presently under Transit in Turkey
xxxx name of the marina/boatyard
address of marina/boatyard Turkey
4. All items in all invoices should be acopanied by the "Harmonized Customs Position Number"; this is a 12 digit number, adopted by all countries to standardize customs procedures. The numbers format is xxxx.xx.xx.xx.xx and as an example 3210.00.90.00.11 stands for "antifouling paints", 8425.31.90.00.11 for "windlasses for marine use" etc.
5. The invoice should have a number, a date and should be signed and should carry the seal of the company issueing it.
6. A draught of all invoices should be faxed to custom clearance agent prior to shipment in order that all that above could be verified in advance. Otherwise, delays and charges will possibly arise. These will be invoiced to the sender.
7. Every invoice is a separate commission. Even if two invoices are issued by the same sender and to the same receipient and are part of the same consignement, the clearances will be separately and and the costs will be accordingly.